بررسی سینوپتیکی بارش‌های سنگین در جنوب ایران( مطالعه موردی بارش 31 دسامبر 1984 لغایت 4 ژانویه 1985 حوضه آبریز رودخانه دالکی)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد اقلیم شناسی، اداره کل هواشناسی استان اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار اقلیم شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

  به منظور بررسی شرایط سینوپتیکی مربوط به بارش 31 دسامبر1984 تا 4 ژانویه 1985 رود خانه دالکی،الگوی گردش فوقانی وتحتانی ونحوه فرارفت آن در زمان بارش بررود خانه دالکی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. جهت بررسی این بارش ابتدا نقشه‌های روزانه سطح زمین و ترازهای 700 و 500 هکتوپاسکال از 48 ساعت قبل از وقوع بارش استخراج ومورد بررسی وتحلیل قرار گرفت ونتایج زیر حاصل گردید:بر روی نقشه سطح زمین، نقش اصلی و کنترل کننده باپر فشار سیبری،پر فشار دینامیکی آزور و حالت ادغام شده دو سیستم کم فشار سودان و مدیترانه می‌باشد. در ترازهای بالاتر نیز سیستم‌های اصلی کنترل کننده، مرکز ارتفاع زیاد آزور در پشت سیستم و مرکز ارتفاع زیاد عربستان در جلو سیستم و تراف عمیق شمال آفریقا می‌باشد.نتایج این مطالعه می‌تواند درپیش بینی بارش‌های سنگین و سیل زا وهمچنین پیش آگاهی برای برنامه ریزی و مدیریت بهترمنابع آب منطقه به کار برده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Synoptic analysis of heavy rain in South of Iran (case study: Heavy rain in the Dalaki river basin in period of 31 December 1984 - 4 January 1985)

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Parandeh Khozani 1
  • H. Lashkari 2
چکیده [English]

  Synoptic analysis of heavy rain in South of Iran (case study : Heavy rain in the Dalaki river basin in period of 31 December 1984 - 4 January 1985)    A. Parandeh Khozani. ( * ),  Senior Expert of Climatology in Esfahan Meteorology Bureau   email: parandeh_153@yahoo.com     H. Lashkari.   Associate professor of climatology, Sahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.   Received: 18 May 2009 / Accepted: 10 March 2009, 35-37 P     Extended Abstract   1- Introduction   Heavy rain is the most common and widespread of all weather-related natural disasters that have caused considerable losses to the human throughout history.   In south of Iran and Dalaki river basin this damages are significant.   Thus, Diagnosis and Prediction of distractive heavy rains and its intensity in region is very important (essential).   The aim of this study is to recognize the synoptic pattern leading to distractive rain in Dalaki river basin located in south of Iran.     In order to prevent damages of these phenomena and water resource management, it is better to study heavy rain in different regions with synoptical method.     2- Metodology   In order to obtain this, Circulation pattern of the upper and lower and its advection during precipitation was investigated. At First, Daily synoptic maps from surface to 500 hpa levels of 48 hours before the occurrence of precipitation were investigated and finally considering their arrange, extension, direction of movement, the position of cyclones and anti-cyclones were analyzed. Furthermore, in upper levels trough lines were carefully traced and analyzed.       3- Discussion   Strengthing activity mentioned system has been influenced by following factors:   -The existence of an anticyclone on Oman Sea and the East of Arabestan provides enough moisture for feeding this system in the highest precipitation day.   -The Spread of Siberian anticyclone tongue over Iran and South of Iran, before the start of precipitation, causes the falling of cold weather from high latitude and increase the thermal gradian over the region.   -The existence of high Azores center at the levels of 500 and 700 Hectopascal that causes strengthening thermal gradian over the region by falling of cold weather from its East over the North of Africa and Meditranian Sea and also made Sudan heat low centers and Red Sea convergence zone to be active and become dinamic and termodinamic   -The existence of high Arabestan at the levels of 700 and 500 Hectopascal is need for transition of hot and humid weather into the system.     4- Conclusion   Synoptic analysis of heavy rain in Dalaki river basin Located in south of Iran , showed that in surface level ,heavy rain mainly is caused by Siberian anticyclone and high Azores and simultaneous merging of the Sudan heat low (SHL) system and Mediterranean frontal system (MFS). In upper levels of Atmosphere high Azores located in back of system and high Arabestan in front of system and deep Trough North Africa are the main factors that could intensify the heavy rain intensities over the basin.   Keywords: Synoptic analysis Heavy rain Dalaki river basin South of Iran     References   JAMAB Engineering Consulting (water) Company, with Ministry of Energy, Water Comprehensive Plan, Surface Water Resources, Shapour-Dalaki (Helleh) river basin, Volum1, Tehran, Iranian Ministry of Energy.   Arabi, Zahra. (1385). Synoptic Analysis of Precipitation in Period (21- 26) JUL (Tir) 1387 in Iran, Journal of Geographical Research, Number 56. Tehran.   Alijani, Bohlol. (1372). Precipitation Ascent Mechanisms in Iran, Journal Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Theacher Training University Tehran, Number 1, Tehran.   Lashkari, Hassan. (1375). Synoptic Pattern of Extreme Precipitation in South-Western in Iran, PHD Thesis, Ghaemi, Hooshang, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Tarbiat Modarres University.   Najarslygh, Mohammad. (1385). Mechanisms of Precipitation in South- East of Iran. Journal of Geographical Research, Number 55, Tehran.   Moradi, Hamid Reza. (1380). Synoptic survey of flood 21th Novamber(Aban)1375 the central regions of Mazandaran Province. Journal of Geographical Education Growth, N. 56, Tehran.   Synoptic Maps of the Country Meteorological Organization and Climatic Atlas of Russia.   Angel, J. K ., and J.Koeshover. (1992).“ Relation between 300-mb north polar vortex and equatorial SST, QBO, and sunspot number and the record contraction of the vortex in 1988-89”. J. Climate., 5, 22-29   Calena , G., Barbet, D., (1992). Influence of vegetation cover on flood hydrology in experimental basins if Mt. lozere. Hydrology Continental, 7: 1, 33-49   Divis, R. E., and S. R. Benkovic. (1992). “Climatological variations in the northern hemisphere circumpolar vortex in January ” Theor. APPL. Climatol., 46, 63-74.   Dunkerton, T. J., and D. P. Delisi. (1986). “evolution of potential vorticity in the winter stratosphere of January February (1979) ”Geophys. Res. Lett., 91, 1199-1208.     Harvey, V. L., and M. H. Hitchman. (2004). “a climatology of the Aleution High ” J. of the atmospheric sciences., Vol. 53. No. 14.   Robert A. Maddox, faya canova and L. ray Hoxi. (Nov 1980), meteorologyical characteristics of flash flood events over the western united stated. Monthly weather review Vol. 108.   Pierre camberlin. (1995). June – September rainfall in north easthern affrica and atmospheric signals over the tropics: A zonal prespetive. International journal of climatology vol.15.              

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Synoptic Analysis؛ Synoptic analysis
  • Heavy rain
  • Dalaki river basin
  • South of Iran؛ Heavy rain؛ Dalaki river basin؛ south of Iran
 

شرکت مهندسین جاماب وابسته به وزارت نیرو، طرح جامع آب، منابع آب سطحی حوضه آبریزشاپور- دالکی- (حله)، جلداول، تهران، وزارت نیرو، سال 69.

عربی، زهرا، (1385)، تحلیل سینوپتیکی بارندگی دوره 21 تا 26 تیر ماه 1387 در ایران، مجله پژوهش‌های جغرافیایی، شماره 56، ص15-1.

علیجانی، بهلول، (1372)، مکانیزم‌های صعود بارندگی‌های ایران ، مجله دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت معلم تهران، شماره اول

لشکری، حسن، (1375)، الگوی سینوپتیکی بارشهای شدید جنوب غربی ایران، پایان نامه دکتری، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس.

نجار سلیقه ، محمد،(1385)، مکانیزم‌های بارش در جنوب شرق کشور، مجله پژوهش‌های جغرافیایی، شماره 55، ص 13-1.

مرادی، حمید رضا، (1380)، برسی سینوپتیک سیلاب 21 آبان سال 1375 نواحی مرکزی استان مازندران، مجله رشد آموزش جغرافیا، شماره 56، ص 41-33.

نقشه‌های سینوپتیک سازمان هواشناسی کشور و اطلس‌های اقلیمی روسیه.

 

Angel,J. K., & J. Koeshover. (1992). “Relation between 300-mb north polar vortex and equatorial SST, QBO, and sunspot number and the record contraction of the vortex in 1988-89”. J. Climate., 5, 22-29

Calena, G., Barbet, D. (1992). Influence of vegetation cover on flood hydrology in experimental basins if Mt.lozere. Hydrology Continental, 7: 1, 33-49

Divis , R. E ., and S. R. Benkovic. (1992). “Climatological variations in the northern hemisphere circumpolar vortex in January” Theor. APPL . Climatol ., 46, 63-74.

Dunkerton, T. J., & D. P. Delisi., (1986). “evolution of potential vorticity in the winter stratosphere of January February (1979) ” Geophys. Res. Lett., 91, 1199-1208.

Harvey, V. L., & M. H. Hitchman. (2004). “a climatology of the Aleution High” J. of the atmospheric sciences., Vol. 53. No. 14.

Robert A. Maddox, faya canova and L. ray Hoxi. (Nov 1980), meteorologyical characteristics of flash flood events over the western united stated. Monthly weather review Vol. 108.

Pierre camberlin. (1995). June – September rainfall in north easthern affrica and atmospheric signals over the tropics: A zonal prespetive. International journal of climatology vol .15.