عنوان مقاله [English]
The main goal of regional planning in different countries is reaching to develop and decrease regional imbalance and achieving to sustainable development. First pace to solve the problem of regional imbalances is knows the ranking of regions in case of development in various fields such as economic, fundamental communication, social, cultural, medical and education and so on. Knowing the levels of townships development of Hormozgan Province as one of deprived region in Iran is the goal of this article for planning and leading necessary facilities to invest and decrease the imbalances. This article tries to rank the townships of Hormozgan Province in case of development degrees using factor analysis and 38 values of educational, cultural, fundamental and communicational degrees and tries to
study them in equal groups in order to future planning and removing imbalances and organizing suitable space for scientific basic. The main hypotheses of this article are: 1. there is any imbalance and different disharmonic development between townships of Hormozgan province in case various indicators. 2. Most of the townships are in levels of less development and deprived. 3. Eastern townships are more deprived and less development than Western ones. 4. Development in province is poor and Bandar Abbas as the center of this Province has the most social facilities and services.
According to the subject and components, this article is a combination of documentary-analytic and causal method. Statistical social of this article is all of 11 townships in the Province. In this article, after classification and information analysis, using statistical methods, factor analysis, cluster analysis lead to determine the development levels and degree of townships in the Province. First, with explanation of factor analysis technique and using SPSS.16 software, indices of studied subjects decrease to 5 factors and were showed as combination of factors. Then according to the results, and using cluster analysis, ranking the townships of Hormozgan province in equal and similar groups in case of development levels was done
The result lessens 38 indices to 5 factors that finally cover 90.04 percent of variance. In other words, these 5 factors have been caused 90% differentiating place points. First factor: this factor called as an educational one. The value of this factor is 20/6 that individually can computes and explains the 51/7 percent of variance and in this factor there are 23 indices that have the most effectiveness among these 5 factors. Second factor: This factor can individually explains 12/94 of all variance and the value of this factor is 5/17. It was called cultural factor. Third factor: this factor is about 11/7 percent of variance and explains the different among places and the values of it is 4/406. It is communicational factor. Fourth factor: this factor explains 7/8 percent of variance and has the value of 3/15. It was called rural medical facilities. Fifth factor: this factor explains 6/3 of variance and has the value of 2/53. It was welfare factor. By comparison development levels, have been understood that Abomousa with score of 2/812 and jask with score of -3/79 are up and down in this level and it shows that there is a disharmonic and imbalance among townships. This result confirms our first hypotheses. Among these 11 townships, Abo Mousa, Parsian and Bandar Abbass with 39% of province population are more developed and Bastak, Lengeh and Haji Abad with 17% of province population are mid-developed and Khamir, roudan and Qeshm with 18% of province population are less developed and Minab and Jask with 24% of province population are deprived townships. This confirms second hypotheses. Minab and Jask with maximum of deprived degree are in the east of the province and as with going to the east the level of development lessen and this confirms third hypotheses. Bandar abbas as center of the province has 36% of province population and has score 2/731 that is in high level of development that confirms the fourth hypotheses. By affecting natural, economical, social and political factors, development in this province is imbalance and polar. Less suitable investment in eastern, western and northern places of the province has been caused some disharmonic and imbalances.
The results of this article showed that the development levels are imbalance and among the townships in Hormozgan, there is disharmonic in case of development level and degree and these differences are seen in different parts such as education, medical, culture, communication and welfare. Abo Mousa, Parsian and Bandar Abbas are more developed and Bastak, Lengeh and Haji Abad are mid-developed and Khamir, Roudan and Qeshm are less developed and Minab and Jask are deprived. Techniques of this article can cause the enrichment of current and organize the levels of developments in this Province.