Assessment and Analysis of Regional Development Indicators


University of Isfahan


Analysis of development level of regions and consequently, identifying regional inequalities is of great importance in the way of adopting appropriate development policies in a country. In spite of regional policy of Iran based on reducing the development gap between different regions and creating a relative balance of regional development, yet some regions suffer from lack of basic services and facilities. The aim of this study is to analyze the development level of sub-provinces of Iran and intra-regional inequalities. For this purpose, 54 indicators were chosen and submitted to factor analysis, of which eight factors were extracted related to 46 indicators, which are: infrastructures and housing, health facilities, educational factor, human power, industry, agriculture, rural facilities, and cultural factor. These factors account for nearly 73% of the variance. Ranking of sub-provinces was done based on Composite index of development. Results showed that there are obvious differentiations among sub-provinces in development level so, it is urgent to improve development indicators -especially in which inequity is critical- in backward regions.